What is gestational diabetes?
Gestational diabetes is the third type of diabetes only present in pregnancy. Usually, 2nd trimester of diabetes blood sugar level increased. Increased level of blood sugars dangerous for the baby if you have had diabetes and become pregnant it will lead to further complication.
Gestational diabetes happens when your body can’t make enough insulin during pregnancy. Insulin is a hormone produced in your pancreas, an organ located behind your stomach. Insulin helps your body use glucose for energy and helps control your blood glucose levels.
It is necessary to monitor blood sugar level within normal range; this will help you and your baby healthy. Pre-testing and early diagnosis help you to be healthier in pregnancy.
A medical team plays a major role in the treatment and more vigorous delivery of a baby. In new obstetrician-gynecologist and diabetic specialist help to maintain healthy and healthier weight gain. Dietitian also plays vital role. Meal planning prevents you from further complications.
Causes of gestational diabetes?
- Hormonal changes.
- High blood pressure.
- Over 25 age.
- If you are pre-diabetic.
- You have a condition called polycystic ovary disease.
- The family history of diabetes.
- Quick weight gain during the 1st trimester.
- You have diabetes in previous pregnancy.
- You have an early stillbirth baby.
- You’re African-American, Native American, Hispanic, or Pacific Islander.
- Decreased insulin level before pregnancy.
- You may have insulin resistance.
- You have baby weight more them 9 pounds.
- During pregnancy, your body makes more hormones and goes through other changes, such as weight gain. These changes cause your body’s cells to use insulin less effectively, a condition called insulin resistance. Insulin resistance increases your body’s need for insulin. If your pancreas can’t make enough insulin, you will have gestational diabetes.
How can you lower chances of gestational diabetes?
- If you are overweight and think to become pregnant, then lose your weight.
- Increase physical activity before you get pregnant.
- Maintain your diet.
- Maintain blood pressure.
- When will you be, gone for testing of gestational diabetes?
- Before pregnancy and early 1st trimester you are not pre-diabetic but you have the family history of diabetes then go for the test between 24 to 28 weeks of gestational diabetes.
- But if you have diabetes in previous pregnancy then go for a test before 24 weeks.
How gestational diabetes diagnosed?
Screening Glucose Challenge Test
For this test, you will drink a sugary beverage and have your blood glucose level checked an hour later. This test can be done at any time of the day. If the results are above normal, you may need to have an oral glucose tolerance test.
Oral Glucose Tolerance Test
- You will need to fast for at least 8 hours before the test. Fasting means having nothing to eat or drink except water. Your doctor will give you other instructions to follow before the test.
- Your fasting blood glucose level will be checked before the test begins. Then you will drink a sugary beverage. Your blood glucose levels will be monitored 1 hour, 2 hours, and possibly 3 hours later. Your doctor will use your test results to find out whether you have gestational diabetes.
How will gestational diabetes affect your baby?
- F you have high blood glucose levels because your gestational diabetes is not under control, your child will also have high blood glucose. Her son’s pancreas will have to make extra insulin to control the high blood glucose. The extra glucose in your child’s blood is stored as fat.
- Untreated or uncontrolled gestational diabetes can cause problems for your baby, such as
- Being born with a larger than average body a condition called macrosomia, which can make delivery difficult and more dangerous for your child.
- Having low blood glucose, also called hypoglycemia, right after birth
- having breathing problems, a condition called respiratory distress syndrome
- having a higher chance of dying before or soon after birth
- Your baby also might be born with jaundice. Disease is more common in newborns of mothers who had diabetes during their pregnancy. With jaundice, the skin and whites of the eyes turn yellow. Jaundice usually goes away, but your baby may need to be placed under special lights to help. Making sure your child gets plenty of milk from breastfeeding will also assist the jaundice go away?